Involvement in varied physical activities is a part of humankind and that’s the reason that since very beginning of human kind games and sports has been a part of human life for a healthy livelihood. It was a necessity for the survival i.e. hunting for food, shelter and safety from wild animal or as a means of recreation. The goodness of sports and games is that it provide a common opportunity to one and all where sportsperson from different regions, different religions and faiths, speaking different languages, having different customs and traditions interact with each other in a harmonious and congenial atmosphere where they forget all their differences and emerge as a homogenous group. Scientific research has contributed to the body of knowledge in every field and that is true in case of Physical Education and Sports also. Exercise physiology is an interdisciplinary area, which has taken a prominent place in contributing scientific knowledge to physical education and sports. Physiological fitness is the total of various independent variables. Generally these variables are performance originated and depend upon the functioning of different systems of the body. Different sports events demand a combination of different physiological variables for high quality performance there are certain physiological components, which are discussed at various levels in relation to performance. Some of them are Vital Capacity, Resting Pulse Rate, Positive Breath Holding Capacity, Resting Respiratory Rate and Body Mass Index. Among the various physiological parameters characteristics play an important role in the attainment of high level of sports performance that can ultimately be realized by taking into consideration the various physiological variables. Kabaddi and Kho-Kho are a sport of intermittent nature, characterized by short duration, high intensity bursts of activity.
Key Words: Positive Breath Holding Capacity, Kabaddi and Kho-Kho.
Authors: Mr. Ashwani Kumar, Mr. Beer Pratap Singh & Dr. Manoj Kumar