Perceived Sources of Stress among National Hockey Umpires in India

The purpose of this study was to identify the sources of stress experienced by the Field Hockey Umpires in India. The sources of stress were measured by 73 National Hockey Umpires registered with Hockey India using a modified version of “Ontario Soccer Officials Survey” of 30-items. The response rate was 60.83% as 73 out of 120 umpires in a period of 15 days had submitted/attended the answers. The highest rated sources of subscale experienced by the umpires was “Fear of Failure” (M=7.78, SD=3.461) which included the 5 sources of stress item namely “aggressive game”, “having a “bad” game”, “critical decisions during a game”, “frequent changes in rules”, “making a “bad” call”.
Key Words: Sources of Stress, Indian Hockey Umpires, Outdoor Hockey, Sports Officials.
Authors: Ms. Sonia Bathla & Ms. Sandeep Kumari
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